In the top 10 countries with the highest rates of children missing out on primary education, nearly 2 in every 5 children – 18 million – are out of school, UNICEF said.
Liberia is home to the highest proportion of out-of-school children with nearly two-thirds of primary-aged children, not accessing school. The second highest is South Sudan, where 59 percent of children are missing out on their right to a primary education and 1 in 3 schools is closed due to conflict.
Afghanistan (46 percent), Sudan (45 percent), Niger (38 percent) and Nigeria (34 percent) also feature in the top 10 countries with the highest primary out-of-school rates, painting a clear picture of how humanitarian emergencies and protracted crises are forcing children out of school.
Children are seen in a primary school in Rubkona, South Sudan. The school recently reopened as part of the Back to Learning initiative providing education opportunities to children outside the (POC) protection of civilian sites * PHOTO : UNICEF
The UNICEF data analysis, which comes as millions of children return to school this month, highlights the extent of an education crisis affecting countries already blighted by conflict, prolonged periods of drought, flash floods, earthquakes and high rates of extreme poverty.
UNICEF fears that without education, a generation of children living in countries affected by conflict, natural disasters, and extreme poverty will grow up without the skills they need to contribute to their countries and economies, exacerbating the already desperate situation for millions of children and their families.
“For countries affected by conflict, school equips children with the knowledge and skills they need to rebuild their communities once the crisis is over, and in the short-term, it provides them with the stability and structure required to cope with trauma. Schools can also protect children from the trauma and physical dangers around them. When children are not in school, they are at an increased danger of abuse, exploitation, and recruitment into armed groups,” said UNICEF Chief of Education Jo Bourne.
Education continues to be one of the least funded sectors in humanitarian appeals. In 2015, humanitarian agencies received only 31 percent of their education funding needs, down from 66 percent a decade ago. Despite a 126 percent increase in education requirements since 2005, funding increased by just 4 percent.
Moreover, education systems equipped to cope with protracted crises cannot be built on the foundations of short-term – and unpredictable – appeals.
During the World Humanitarian Summit, held in May 2016, a new global funding platform, Education Cannot Wait, was launched to bridge the gap between humanitarian interventions during crises and long-term development afterwards, through predictable funding.
Though not one of the top 10 countries with the highest rates of out-of-school children, Syria is home to 2.1 million school-age children (5-17) who are not in school. An additional 600,000 Syrian children living as refugees in the surrounding region are also out of school.
Recent, reliable data from countries including Somalia and Libya are not available either from administrative or survey sources partly due to the continuing conflicts.