After five years of independence, urgent reform is needed in South Sudan

News Hour:

Five years after the birth of South Sudan, Oxfam warned today that without commitment from all signatories to the country’s 2015 peace agreement, the country will falter. According to Oxfam, the transitional government and the international community need to focus on ensuring the provisions of the peace agreement are upheld, particularly commitments to economic reform and ensuring that ordinary citizens can both engage in the political process and have their concerns taken into account.

Zlatko Gegic, Oxfam Country Director in South Sudan said: “South Sudan’s fragile peace must be protected. This country needs investment: in its people, its economy and its future. The transitional government and international community must learn from the past and listen to South Sudan’s citizens at every step in this transitional period.

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“But a peaceful South Sudan cannot be built without solid foundations. South Sudan’s economy is in crisis and without economic reform, its people will continue to suffer and the fragile peace process will be jeopardized. This transitional period offers the government of South Sudan an opportunity to change this direction – and the international community must support this critical process.”

Since the start of South Sudan’s conflict in December 2013, tens of thousands of people have died and more than 2.5 million people – one in five South Sudanese – have been forced from their homes. Planting and harvesting have been disrupted, forcing people to increasingly rely on aid and diminishing markets, rather than growing their own food.

Oxfam has a dedicated team working across South Sudan to rebuild livelihoods, provide humanitarian assistance and promote active citizenship. In the lead up to their country’s fifth birthday, South Sudanese across the country told Oxfam what peace means to them: Joyce Sunday from Akobo said, “When we learn to listen to each other, and how to share our space, we will grow. That is what peace means to me, growth from the troubles of the past to the promise for the future.” Justin from Nyal said: “I can’t hope but I know what I want – to go home. I want everyone to be able to go back home, and to farm, harvest and live. I do not want to hear another gunshot.”

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Mridha Shihab Mahmud is a writer, content editor and photojournalist. He works as a staff reporter at News Hour. He is also involved in humanitarian works through a trust called Safety Assistance For Emergencies (SAFE). Mridha also works as film director. His passion is photography. He is the chief respondent person in Mymensingh Film & Photography Society. Besides professional attachment, he loves graphics designing, painting, digital art and social networking.
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