The President of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) Takehiko Nakao met with Vietnam’s State President Tran Dai Quang and Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc during his two-day visit to discuss ADB’s deepening partnership with the country and priorities for future cooperation. Mr. Nakao also met with Deputy Prime Minister Vuong Dinh Hue, Chairman of the Party’s Central Economic Commission Nguyen Van Binh, Minister of Planning and Investment Nguyen Chi Dung, Minister of Finance Dinh Tien Dung, and Governor of the State Bank of Vietnam Le Minh Hung.
At the meetings, Mr. Nakao commended Viet Nam’s recent macroeconomic performance and economic reforms. He reaffirmed that ADB will continue strong assistance to the government through sovereign lending of about $1 billion annually as ADB is preparing a new Country Partnership Strategy, 2016-2020. The central goal of the strategy is to help Viet Nam to promote more inclusive and environmentally sustainable economic growth, in alignment with Vietnam’s Socio-Economic Development Plan, 2016-2020, and in cooperation with development partners.
“It is crucial that Viet Nam continue pursuing sound economic policies and deepen structural reforms,” said Mr. Nakao. “It is particularly important to reform state-owned enterprises by reducing the state’s ownership, improving corporate governance, and strengthening financial performance. The government also needs to resolve non-performing loans, strengthen tax revenues, and improve efficiency of public expenditures.”
ADB expects economic growth of 6.7% in 2016, the same rate of growth as in 2015, although there is a downside risk due to an ongoing severe drought. Growth is projected to remain robust at 6.5% in 2017. Inflation, which moderated to an average of just 0.6% last year, the lowest level since 2001, is forecast to be 3.0% this year.
Vietnam achieved most of the Millennium Development Goals ahead of time. ADB will support the country’s efforts to achieve many of the new Sustainable Development Goals. In health, ADB will provide assistance in expanding community health care centers and broadening health insurance coverage from the current 76%. In education, ADB will deepen its support to improve the quality of secondary education, and extend support to technical and vocational education and training.
ADB will support infrastructure including roads and mass rapid transit systems, power transmission and distribution, renewable energy, rural electrification, urban infrastructure, and irrigation and water resource management. ADB will continue to enhance connectivity under the Greater Mekong Subregion program, including the East-West Economic Corridor.
Vietnam has increasingly become susceptible to climate change-related extreme events such as droughts and flooding that severely affect agriculture, forestry and fisheries. Adaptation and mitigation will be crucial areas for ADB’s loans and technical assistance. ADB will help the government set clear and consistent policies on an appropriate energy mix to pursue its COP 21 commitments based on careful cost analysis of different energy sources, including declining renewable energy costs over time.
Mr. Nakao said that in infrastructure projects, ADB will streamline approval processes, facilitate implementation, and delegate more authority to resident missions. ADB is also adjusting its project designs and procurement procedures to promote the use of cleaner and more advanced technologies in its projects to combat climate change, demonstrate development impacts and lower lifecycle costs including maintenance and sustainability of infrastructure assets.
ADB will also increase private sector lending and equity investments, especially in finance, agri-business and infrastructure. It will deepen its support to prepare flagship public-private partnership (PPP) projects in accordance with the ADB-assisted unified legal framework for PPP.
Recently, ADB approved $3 million in grant assistance from its Asia Pacific Disaster Response Fund to support relief efforts in the wake of the drought and salt water intrusion in the South Central, Central Highlands and Mekong Delta regions.
ADB has worked in close partnership with the Government of Viet Nam since 1993 when it resumed operations in the country. As of 31 December 2015, ADB has provided $14.4 billion in loans, $276.6 million in technical assistance and $318.3 million in grants to Vietnam.
ADB, based in Manila, is dedicated to reducing poverty in Asia and the Pacific through inclusive economic growth, environmentally sustainable growth, and regional integration. Established in 1966, ADB in December 2016 will mark 50 years of development partnership in the region. It is owned by 67 members—48 from the region. In 2015, ADB assistance totaled $27.2 billion, including cofinancing of $10.7 billion.